Why is metal a good conductor of electric current?

Janae Larkin asked a question: Why is metal a good conductor of electric current?
Asked By: Janae Larkin
Date created: Sun, Apr 25, 2021 7:31 AM

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Those who are looking for an answer to the question «Why is metal a good conductor of electric current?» often ask the following questions:

👉 What metal is the best conductor of electric current?

One of the most commonly used metals to conduct electricity is copper. As a material, copper is pliable, easy to wrap or solder, which makes it the best choice when large amounts of wiring are needed. Copper’s core electrical function is related to the transmission of electricity and power generation.

👉 How does an electric current flow through a metal conductor?

An electric current flows when electrons move through a conductor, such as a metal wire… Electricity passes through metallic conductors as a flow of …

👉 What causes a metal conductor to have an electric current?

Because increasing the metal atoms’ vibration causes electrons to interact with the atoms more, conductivity decreases as temperature decreases. And, in a perfect crystal at absolute zero, atom vibrations cease and metals become superconducting.

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In other words, the ability to transmit electric current is different for every metal. Silver is considered to be the best conductor of electricity, followed by Copper, and then Gold. When it comes to the use of metals for electrical applications, Copper is more widely used than Silver. This is because Silver is more expensive than Copper.

Metals are good conductors of electricity because of their atomic structure that allows electric charges to pass through freely. The atomic structure of metals is unique because of the presence of one, two or three valence electrons in the outer orbit of the atoms, and this is true for all metallic elements.

Metals are an excellent conductor of electricity and heat because the atoms in the metals form a matrix through which outer electrons can move freely. Instead of orbiting their respective atoms, they form a sea of electrons that surround the positive nuclei of the interacting metal ions. The electrons then move freely throughout the electron sea.

Metals are characterized as good conductors of electricity and heat. This is primarily because they have space in their valence energy band that is unfilled. When there is no electric field, the conduction electrons travel in all directions with high velocities.

Pure metals, on the other hand, are superlative conductors because, although their atoms are restrained by structure, their electrons are not… they’re free! The electrons are unrestrained and therefore begin to move around haphazardly when the source imparts kinetic energy into them.

Metals are considered as good conductors of electricity. In terms of chemistry, a metal is a chemical substance that can generate positive ions in solution. This means that metals tend to lose more electrons and metal oxides form basic solutions in water. Metals are called as solids that are crystalline in nature.

Metals conduct electricity because they have “free electrons.” Unlike most other forms of matter, metallic bonding is unique because the electrons are not bound to a particular atom. This allows the delocalized electrons to flow in response to a potential difference.

Electric Conductivity. Metallic bonding causes metals to conduct electricity. In a metallic bond, atoms of the metal are surrounded by a constantly moving “sea of electrons”. This moving sea of electrons enables the metal to conduct electricity and move freely among the ions. Most metals conduct electricity to a certain extent.

Copper is a good conductor of electricity because the valence electrons are free and repel each other so strongly that it causes the repulsion of other electrons. This essentially forces the electricity down the piece of copper, or conducts it down the metal.

Why are metals good conductors of energy? Because electrons can flow freely in them. Explain the physical properties of metals, using the theory of metallic bonding. Good conductors of electricity and are malleable. When can ionic compounds conduct an electrical current? When melted or dissolved in water.

Your Answer

We've handpicked 24 related questions for you, similar to «Why is metal a good conductor of electric current?» so you can surely find the answer!

What an electric current flows through a conductor?

An electric current flows when electrons move through a conductor, such as a metal wire. The moving electrons can collide with the ions in the metal. This makes it more difficult for the current to flow, and causes resistance. When a steady current passes through a cylindrical conductor is there an electric field inside the conductor?

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What is the best conductor of electric current?

The best conductor of electricity is pure silver, but to no surprise, it is not one of the most commonly used metals to conduct electricity. The wide use of pure silver has a couple of drawbacks. First, it tends to tarnish with usage, which causes issues related to ‘skin effect,’ i.e., the unequal distribution of current that can occur across high-frequency currents.

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When would electric current flow through a conductor?

Conductors are the material which have free electrons. Whenever there is a potential difference in a closed loop conductor, current will flow. Current flow from high potential to lower potential. electrons flow from negative to positive terminal.

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What electric current passed through metal makes electric blue?

For example, if electricity is passed through molten lead bromide, the lead bromide is broken down to form lead and bromine. This is what happens during electrolysis: Positively charged ions move ...

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What makes mat good electric conductor?

Gold is a good electric conductor and does not tarnish like other metals when exposed to the air -- for example, steel or copper may oxidize (corrode) when in prolonged conduct with oxygen. Gold is especially expensive and is only used for certain materials, such as circuit board components or small electrical connectors.

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Can a electric current run through sheet metal?

Yes ot course it can.

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What is an electric current through a metal?

It's flow of electrons under directing external electric field.

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When electric current flows through a metal wire?

When electric current flows through a metal wire the circuit is said to be closed.

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When electric current is flowing in a metal?

When electric current is flowing in a metal, the electrons are moving .. - at the speed of light. - at the speed of sound in the metal. - at the speed of sound in air.

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A metal conductor is used in an electric circuit?

The conductor is the type of metal which allows the electrical current to flow through it.The electrical conductor is generally made up of metals like copper, aluminium and their alloys. Hard-drawn copper, hard-drawn aluminium conductors and steel-cored aluminium conductors are most commonly used.

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What is the best electric conductor metal or nonmetal?

As to why silver is the best conductor, the answer is that its electrons are freer to move than those of the other elements. This has to do with its valence and crystal structure. Most metals conduct electricity. Other elements with high electrical conductivity, are aluminum, zinc, nickel, iron, and platinum.

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Which metal serves the best conductor of electric charge?

the metal that serves as the best conductor of electric charge is the METAL

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Electric current results when electrons move in a conductor?

When a conductor's ends are attached to an external source of electricity, then an electrical force acts on the conductor's electrons, and the electrons (negative charged) start traveling from the negative end to the conductor's positive end. This movement of electrons constitutes the conductor's electrical current.

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Flow of electrons through a conductor is electric current?

Yes, the flow of electrons through a conductor is called electric current or just current. Current is measured in amps.

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Which constitute the electric current in a metallic conductor?

Electrons.

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Which is the good heat conductor but bad electric conductor?

your skin

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Can a electric current cause a fire touching metal?

If the moisture is continuously replenished so that the currents are sustained, deposits of metals or corrosion products can form along the electrical pathway. That effect is more pronounced in direct current situations. A more energetic arc through the deposits might cause a fire under the right conditions.

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The name for what slows electric current through metal?

What slows the flow of electricity? The power source moves the existing electrons in the conductor around the circuit. This is called a current. Electrons move through a wire from the negative end to the positive end. The resistor uses the energy of the electrons around the wire and slows down the flow of electrons. Watch out a lot more about it.

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An electric current results when electrons move in a conductor?

This is due to the movement of the electrons and is known as an Electrical Conductor. In such similar bodies which we took as observers the electrons are free to move around and at times inside the body and their motion which is random can be influenced by an field which is electric.

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Electric current results when electrons move in a conductor list?

Does an electric current result when electrons move in a conductor? Wiki User. ∙ 2010-08-16 05:33:08. See answer. Best Answer. Copy. yes. Wiki User. ∙ 2010-08-16 05:33:08. This answer is:

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Electric current results when electrons move in a conductor system?

Does an electric current result when electrons move in a conductor? Wiki User. ∙ 2010-08-16 05:33:08. See answer. Best Answer. Copy. yes. Wiki User. ∙ 2010-08-16 05:33:08. This answer is:

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Is there an electric field inside a current carrying conductor?

Electricity exists OUTSIDE the space surrounding the current carrying conductor, NOT inside. It’s a misconception of modern physics to think electricity as flow of electrons inside a conductor like water. Electric Field is a generic term for combination of magnetic and dielectric. Electric Field = Dielectric Field + Magnetic Field

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Which solution is the best conductor of an electric current?

Hence, the best conductor out of the given options will be 0.1 M KOH. Therefore, the correct answer is Option 4.

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Why does an electric current produce heat in a conductor?

Why does electrical current make heat? Electrical current is the flow of electrons through a substance that will permit that flow. The substance is called a …

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